Diet of Worms
In April 1521, Luther was summoned by Charles V, the Holy Roman Emperor, to attend a diet (meeting) held in the city of Worms. Luther eagerly attended the meeting, hoping to receive the hearing he had desired when he first posted the 95 Theses. Unfortunately, this was not the case. Instead, Johann Eck presented Luther with copies of his writings and was asked if the books were his and if he stood by their contents. Luther confirmed his authorship, but requested time to think about the answer to the second question. He prayed, consulted friends, and gave his response the next day:
In the Edict of Worms on May 25, 1521, Luther was condemned as a heretic by Emperor Charles V and was given an escort to return to Wittenberg to face his destiny. En route, Luther was “kidnapped” by a company of masked horsemen sent by his own prince and friend, Elector Frederick the Wise. He was whisked away to the Castle of Wartburg in Eisenach to hide for almost a year while assuming the identity of a knight under the pseudonym “Junker Jörg” (Squire George). While at Wartburg, Luther translated the New Testament from Greek into German (published in 1522) and wrote prolifically.